Snefru’s Shining Pyramidwas built approximately 2500BCE. It was the first of the true, smooth-sided pyramids – built after a number of trials including the Bent pyramid and the Step Pyramid. Snefru’s pyramid is now known as the Red Pyramid because all of its white limestone covering has been robbed away or disintegrated and the red blocks beneath are now exposed. Snefru was the father of Khufu (Cheops) who built the Great Pyramid at Giza.
Heiroglyphs or picture-writing were used as the written form of ancient Egyptian in the Old, Middle and New Dynasties. Demotic was the written and spoken form of language used by most common people. After the Greeks (330BCE) and then the Romans (31BCE) took over Egypt, these old languages began to die out. Eventually, the final phase of the Egyptian language, Coptic, was replaced by Arabic after the Arabs took over the area in 642CE. This is the heiroglyph for Snefru's Shining Pyramid that Jade reads when they first arrive through the portal into Egypt.
The Tomb of Mehu, Vizier to Pepi I, is real and has been accurately described – except for the part about the empty sarcophagus and the secret doorway behind the red-painted door. His tomb is found near to Saqqara and is part of a collection of tombs and pyramids close to the Step Pyramid of Netjerikhet (Djoser). Mehu lived in the reign of Teti and Pepi I, who reigned early during the 6th Dynasty (2323-2152BCE) of the Old Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt.
The Step Pyramid of Netjerikhet (known to later generations as Djoser) was built during his reign in the Third Dynasty (2650-2575 BCE) of the Old Kingdom. It was designed and built by the architect Imhotep, who became famous for his skills with stone buildings. Djoser’s pyramid and the complex of buildings around it were the first to be built in stone. The step pyramid was a precursor to the later, smooth-sided pyramids. Beneath the Step pyramid is an incredible complex of chambers, corridors, blind shafts and stairs. Sadly, the treasure described, does not exist.
Mount Vesuvius erupted in August 79CE, smothering the Roman city of Pompeii in ash
Heron, Hero or Hiero, was a scientist and inventor in Alexandria in the first century CE. Heron wrote many books on mathematics, physics, geometry, and mechanics. Heron developed many mechanical machines that had practical uses. They included a water clock, water organ, a fire engine, a coin-operated holy-water vending machine, and a rocket-like device known as the aeolipile(see below). The last of these is the earliest known steam-powered engine and was, indeed, used as a door-opener.
Anuket and Set are correctly described god/ess of the ancient Egyptian people. An outbreak of Anthrax (a viral disease) swept through the Roman Empire and much of Europe and China in 80AD, leaving thousands of animals and humans dead. The Flavian Amphitheatre (we now call it 'The Colosseum') in Rome was opened by Emperor Titus in 80AD with 100 days of games which included the deaths of hundreds of gladiators, slaves and African wild animals. Roman Measurements: Gradus (gradii) = 2 1/2 pedes = 1/2 passus = 0.81 yards or .74 meters Pes (pedes) = 12 unciae = 1 Roman foot = 11.6 inches or 29.5 cm Uncia (unciae) = Base Unit Roman inch = 0.97 inches or 24.6 mm Alexandria: The city of Alexandria was built in 332BCE after Alexander the Great from Macedonia (Greece) conquered Egypt. It lies on the north coast of Egypt, looking across the Aegean Sea toward Greece. The city was well planned, with numerous, beautiful public buildings and temples to both Greek and Egyptian gods. It rapidly became the most important centre for culture and learning in the Mediterranean area. The Romans took control of Alexandria in 30BCE and it continued to thrive as a major port and cultural centre. With a population estimated at between 500 000 and 1 million, it was one of the largest pre-industrial cities in the world. The Lighthouse was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. It was 138m high, built of limestone blocks and lit by a huge furnace in the top. It was finally destroyed by an earthquake in the 1300’s.
The Library was founded early in the 3rd century BC, during the reign of the Greek Pharaohs, the Ptolemy line. It became the world’s biggest collection of books and scrolls. Historians are not sure exactly what date the Library and all its contents were destroyed – it may have been razed and rebuilt on several occasions from 42BCE to 642AD.
There is no evidence to show where or if a Temple of Set actually existed in Alexandria or Memphis.